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Legs and lower backache are typical symptoms caused by sprains, strains, or bad posture. Extreme or recurring pain, on the other hand, may signify an underlying medical condition, such as arthritis or fibromyalgia. BestLifeTips would go into some of the possible sources of lower back and leg pain and how to treat the pain.
An overview of legs and lower backache
Back pain is a common ailment and also the primary cause of work-related injury. It can affect both men and women, with symptoms ranging from a minor ache that lasts a few days to severe pain that lasts for weeks at a time.
Though back pain is often caused by muscle tension and natural wear and tear on the body, it may often be a symptom of more severe conditions. In certain cases, back pain can spread to other parts of the body, including the legs.
Back and leg pain can also cause the following symptoms:
- Pain that radiates down your leg.
- Muscle weakness in your leg.
- The sensation of tingling, numbness, or burning down your leg.
- Only one leg involved.
- Electric shock sensation that travels down your leg.
- The difficulty in walking
The below are some of the sources of lower back and leg pain.
Back problems that cause leg pain
Almost everybody experiences lower back pain at some point in their lives. This section of your back contains your lumbar spine, which handles most of your upper body weight.
Aging and the tension of the body weight caused the degeneration of the materials that make up your spine, such as the discs, ligaments, cartilage, and vertebrae. These degenerative changes are often the cause of the lower back and leg pain.
Causes of legs and lower backache
These are some of the common causes of legs and lower backache. It’s wise to evaluate your pain first before seeking treatments.
Sciatica is characterized by a sharp, burning, or slicing pain in the lower back that radiates through the buttocks and down the back of the legs. You can also feel tingling, numbness, or fatigue in your legs.
When something presses on the sciatic nerve, it causes discomfort. Arthritis, spine trauma and fractures, herniated disks, and spinal compression are also potential causes.
Sciatica frequently resolves on its own, and it may be possible to handle it at home with relaxation, over-the-counter pain relievers, and gentle stretching.
If these therapies do not work, go to see your doctor for physical therapy, steroid injections, or surgery suggestions.
Lumbar herniated disk
A lumbar herniated disk is a ruptured disk in the lower back. It happens when the nucleus, or “jelly,” of the spinal disk is pulled out by a tear. A ruptured disc places pressure on a spinal cord, causing intense discomfort, numbness, and, in some cases, fatigue.
Some signs and symptoms of a lumbar herniated disk include:
- Persistent back pain worsened by standing, coughing, or sneezing
- Back spasms
- Decreased reflexes at the knee or ankle
- Leg muscle weakness
- Numb feeling in leg and foot
- Spinal cord compression
The arachnoid is a barrier that protects the nerves of the spinal cord.
Arachnoiditis is a pain condition caused by inflammation or swelling of the arachnoid. Arachnoiditis also causes discomfort in the lower back and legs since it attacks the nerves in those regions.
A stinging, burning sensation is the most frequent symptom of this disease. Arachnoiditis is also associated with the following symptoms:
- Tingling or numbness, especially in the legs, referred to as “skin-crawling” sensations.
- Cramps in the muscles.
- Bowel or bladder twitching dysfunction.
If you have pain or cramping in one or both of your legs after standing or walking for an extended amount of time, you might have spinal stenosis.
A narrowing of the gap inside the spine, which presses on the nerves that flow through it distinguished this typical lower back disease. The symptoms of spinal stenosis appear to get worse over time.
Sprains and strains
Sprains and strains to the lower back muscles can cause discomfort.
This discomfort may also radiate to the buttocks or limit a person’s range of motion. Sprains and strains of the lower back can be caused by athletic injuries, overuse or overstretching of the back, or incorrectly moving large weights.
Rest, ice or heat packs, supportive massage, and over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers such as ibuprofen and naproxen can also be used to treat back strains and sprains at home.
Legs and lower backache treatment
- Consider occupational therapy. Stretching and strengthening will help support your back, increase your posture, and relieve nerve pressure.
- Inquire with the doctor about drugs. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatories and muscle relaxants can be beneficial. Any patients benefit from anti-seizure medications such as Neurontin, which are also used to treat neuropathy.
- Have a look at testosterone injections. Corticosteroids can reduce the inflammation and irritation that triggers symptoms. They are normally not used as a first line of defense because they can damage bones and tissue over time.
- Understand that surgery is an alternative. When more traditional therapies fail, some interventions may alleviate symptoms.
Remedies for legs and lower backache
Exercise is the foremost thing to do to enhance your health and protect you from all risks, including legs and lower backache.
According to a report published in Annals of Internal Medicine trusted Source, it’s proven that yoga can help relieve lower back pain in the short term. Slow, coordinated motions are used in yoga to stretch and relax the body.
This workout type also encourages stress management, and will aid in the reduction of pain in the lower back.
The Child’s Pose is a yoga pose that is particularly good for the back. Begin on all fours, then stretch back, leaning your bottom on your knees, to practice Child’s Pose. Keep your arms out and your palms on the floor.
This creates a stretch in your lower back. Hold this pose for 30 seconds, then return to your starting position. Repeat five times.
Eat for bone health
Healthy diet helps you in maintaining a healthier weight. Excess weight places more pressure on the lower back, exacerbating your pain. What’s more? A diet rich in key nutrients can help support bone growth and maintain bone strength. These essential nutrients are as follows:
- Calcium is a mineral. Dairy items, such as yogurt, milk, cheese, frozen yogurt, and ice cream, are rich in calcium. Although you don’t (or can’t) consume dairy, certain ingredients, such as cereal, orange juice, oatmeal, and nondairy milks, are calcium-fortified. Calcium is also used in vegetables such as collard greens, cabbage, bok choy, and broccoli.
- Phosphorus is a mineral. Dairy products rich in phosphorus include butter, milk, cottage cheese, ice cream, pudding, and yogurt. Baked beans, kidney beans, purple beans, bran cereals, oysters, sardines, and dark colas are also high in phosphorus.
- Vitamin D: Cod liver oil, swordfish, tuna, fortified milk, sardines, eggs, and fortified cereals are all rich in vitamin D.
Ice Pack and Heating Pad
When you have lower back pain, you will benefit from both ice and fire. However, order is essential in this situation. When dealing with a new injury, you can first ice it and then use heat.
Apply ice on your lower back for the first 24 to 48 hours after you’ve injured it. Here’s how you can take advantage of ice:
Fill a plastic bag with ice cubes or broken ice, or buy a cool pack. To shield the skin from injuries, wrap whatever you’re using in a rag.
Apply for no longer than 10 minutes at a time to the lower back.
Throughout the day, repeat as desired. Allow at least a 10-minute pause in ice applications.
Check your sleeping and working posture to see if there is anything can be improved.
Sleeping in an uncomfortable position can cause discomfort from the moment you wake up. Sleeping on your side with your legs pulled up tight to your chest might be the safest sleeping posture for lower back pain (also known as the fetal position).
When lying on your side, place a pillow or two between your legs to relieve tension on your lower back. Sleeping on a mattress that is so soft can even cause lower back pain. A firmer mattress is preferable.
If you sit at a desk all day, certain aspects of your workstation can be to blame for your back pain. Evaluating the environment to make it more ergonomic (back-friendly) will help you experience lower back pain relief and avoid pain from worsening. Rethinking the workspace for back relaxation begins with where your most effective work resources are located.
- Important items. If commonly used items are too far out of control, it can lead to repetitive bending, which can strain the lower back. To stop this, have the most often used products close at hand. This could include your laptop, stapler, pens, notepads, or something else that you use often. If something is too big or heavy to hold by your keyboard, put it anywhere you have to stand to help you fight the temptation to curl.
- Your seat. Your chair should be set at a height that allows your feet to lie completely flat on the concrete. Your knees and hips should still be straight. If your desk chair’s back rest does not properly support your back, you might want to invest in a small lumbar pillow or rolled-up towel to put in your lower back curve.
- Your computer’s display. Looking at your display from too high or too low an angle will change your posture and thereby lead to lower back pain. The computer should be about an arm’s length away from your chair, with the top part of the panel slightly below eye level.
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Legs and lower backache are often caused by mild trauma or bad positioning, and the pain usually improves with recovery and at-home care. Persistent or chronic discomfort, on the other hand, can be a symptom of an underlying illness. Go to see a doctor if your discomfort is extreme, does not ease, or appears together with other symptoms. Give us a thumb up if this helps and return for more health related topics.