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Do you ever wonder who is in charge of a filming process? A director? A producer? Or both of them? In this article, BestLifeTips will share with you about these careers and the difference between director and producer.
What does a director do?
When it comes to filming, the first thing we may come up with is the words: “Action!” and “Cut!”. The one who says that is a director. The director is the creative leader of a crew in a project. They make all the dramatic and artistic decisions. Directors are always on set for every scene, observe the performances of all the actors and the actions of the crew.
They must take part in every process from pre-production to post-production. Sometimes their decisions will make or break a film. This is a tough job with strict schedules, long hours, and lots of stress.
What does a producer do?
A producer is the person who oversees the production from inception to completion. They observe all the stages of the movie business, from securing funding to hiring the crew; controlling the budget, talent, and timeline; and marketing the finished product.
They may be self-employed or hired by a production company, studio or agency. A big project will have more producers ranging from an executive producer who runs the show to the line producer who carries out the day-to-day tasks, while a small video may have just one.
Director and producer similarities
Both director and producer involve in casting. Both roles are very important to the production. They have to co-operate with each other to manage the project.
They need to agree on the choices because both will have to work closely within the vision for the film, and with the people chosen for the production.
They both will work together to hire department heads like the production designer, director of photography, editor, costume designer, and so on.
A person can work as both director and producer if he or she has the required skills. This is a solution to avoid the problem between director and producer. However, it may increase the workload.
Director and producer have to work for long hours while having to work in stressful environments.
Difference between director and producer – Job duties
The main difference between director and producer is that the director is mostly concerned with the creative aspects of the entire production, while a producer will handle the business components of filmmaking.
Their roles can overlap sometimes, but eventually, a producer’s job is to provide support and accessibility so a director can execute the vision of the film.
Director’s job duties
- Assemble the production team
The director work with the producer in the recruiting process. They assemble a production crew including production manager, line producer, cinematographer, location manager, assistant director, and production designer.
- Create vision and mood
The director’s job is to create a vision for the film and later on share it with the crew. They are the ones who decide how the film will be shot, which actors and actresses will be cast, how the story will develop, and what themes should be highlighted. They must work with the writers to create a final shooting script.
They will decide how it should look, sound and feel. The director shares the idea with his or her crew, and makes them understand their role or duty within the project.
- Choosing the right casts
Director is the one who decides which actor fits a specific role. Director’s responsibility is to make sure that they possess the talent or technique to personify the assigned character. The director helps actors in shaping their performances while filming.
- Taking care of the little details
To bring a film to life, every little detail counts. Elements like color palettes, costumes, makeup, locations, set details are very important to get a truly authentic film.
Another important aspect is how the film is shot. The director will work with the director of photography to decide what kind of camera and lens to use and what aspect ratio to shoot in.
- Getting the best performance from the actors
Once the cameras start to roll, the director need to tell them what to do. He or she has to find out how to get the best performance from the actors.
- Polishing the film in post-production
The director will work with the editors in post-production to complete the film. They will also work with the producer and the studio to produce the final cut, which is what the audience gets to see.
Producer’s job duties
- Finding materials
The first task of a producer is finding interesting material to develop into a film. It can be a newspaper article, a written script. Once they find a good potential, they may buy the rights to make a film. They will work with a writer to develop a script and get it ready for production.
- Gathering finance or financial partner
In the pre-production phase, the producer will focus on gathering finance for the film. After the script is done, the producer will put together a budget.
Things that need to be taken into account include cast and crew, costume, make-up, equipment, post-production, visual effects, props, location, and soon, down to the tiniest details.
The producer’s job is to secure this funding. Sometimes, they may even initially pay out of their own pocket.
The producer will create a workable schedule. They must make this schedule under the budget. If certain requirements of the script are too expensive, the producer has to make plans for alternatives.
- Recruiting key crew members
The producer hires all the department heads. Even the director. The director is hired for their vision. A producer’s job is to support this director’s vision in any way possible.
Part of this is working together with the director to hire the cast and the crew.
- Managing pre-production and production
Pre-production is preparations for the camera to roll. This includes securing locations and permits, getting all the equipment and material, hiring local crew, getting call sheets out and all the other mechanical aspects of production.
When the cameras roll, the producer will be on set supervising the team, ensuring the director’s vision is supported and managing costs reports.
Skills and characteristics to become a director and producer
Directors and producers share several qualifications, such as experience in filmmaking, leadership skills and determination.
Some skills and traits for becoming a film director:
Directors tell story by using the visual elements of a movie and creativity through set design, costumes, actor performances and editing. They have to discover creative ways to use their surroundings to improve a shot or communicate a plot point.
- Knowledge of cinematography
Knowing cinematography helps directors to choose angles that produce an emotional response in the audience who support the theme and plot of the movie.
Directors must be patient during the filming and editing process since it requires hours of actors repeating the same scene to get the perfect short for the movie. Thus they can work effectively with the actors to realize their vision of the script.
- Attention to detail
Directors must attend to detail to create continuity between scenes. They have to make sure that actors look the same in sequential shots.
Producers should have the following characteristics and abilities to successfully manage the film production:
- Business knowledge
Producers are often in charge of signing off on business deals and coordinating contracts with the businesses that involve in the production of their films.
Producers must be able to stay focused on their long-term goals as well as the smaller tasks involved in film production. Because a movie making is often takes several months or even years to finish.
During the movie-making process, producers have to be flexible to react to changes in the script, casting or directorial choices. The ability to adapt to situations helps them manage their staff and set realistic expectations for their team.
Producers must be able to negotiate with different professionals to reach a compromise. They must be able to argue for their interests to make a profit from their film on a schedule.
Directors and producers work in the same field. They share some responsibilities but still are different careers. Above is all about the difference between director and producer that BestLifeTips want to share with you. Hope you enjoy this article.